Persephone and her names/atributes:
Despoina (dems-potnia) “the mistress”, (literally “the mistress of the house”)
Hagne, “pure”, originally a goddess of the springs in Messenia
Melindia or Melinoia (meli, “honey”), as the consort of Hades
Kore memagmeni, “the mixed daughter”
Aristi cthonia, “the best chthonic”
- The epithets of Persephone reveal her double function as chthonic and vegetation goddess. The surnames given to her by the poets refer to her character as Queen of the lower world and the dead, or her symbolic meaning of the power that shoots forth and withdraws into the earth. Her common name as a vegetation goddess is Kore and in Arcadia she was worshipped under the title Despoina “the mistress”, a very old chthonic divinity. Plutarch identifies her with spring and Cicero calls her the seed of the fruits of the fields. In the Eleusinian mysteries her return is the symbol of immortality and hence she was frequently represented on sarcophagi. Kore Soteira, “the savior maiden” in Megalopolis.